Many computer networks still rely on cables as a physical medium for devices to transfer data. Several standard types of network cables exist, each designed for specific purposes.
Cat5 cabling standard for Ethernet, starting with 10 Mbps, later followed by improved versions for 100 Mbps. Ethernet twisted pair cables contain up to eight (8) wires wound together in pairs to minimize electromagnetic interference.
Gigabit Ethernet is part of the Ethernet family of computer networking and communication standards. The Gigabit Ethernet standard supports a theoretical maximum data rate of 1 gigabit per second (Gbps)
However, today’s Gigabit Ethernet works well using twisted pair copper cable (specifically, the CAT5e and CAT6 cabling standards similar to older 100 Mbps that works over CAT5 cables.